Sun, Part Shade
Great source of early spring pollen for bees
Moist, Nutrient Rich Soil
pH 6.5 (can tolerate from 5-7)
Large Shrub,Shrub Layer
plant 4-6 ft apart for hedgerow
Common hazel (Corylus americana) is a big, deciduous shrub reaching at least 14 feet. It is an excellent shrub for the hedgerow or windbreak.The twigs are used as dowsing rods by water diviners
The common hazel is a highly adaptable pioneer species, able to grow in both sun and part shade. I likes nutrient-rich soil. The American Hazelnut is a unisex species, with separate male and female parts on the same branch, so a second tree is Not required for nut production. It can be pruned at any time of year.
Harvest nuts in about 2-3 years. Yeild @ 25lbs/mature plant. You may either hand pick or lay a cloth under the tree and tap the limbs to make the nuts drop. Nets may be used to keep the squirrels away.
Trees can grow up to 18' but can be kept at 10-12' x 10-12' and should be planted no more than 15' apart for good pollination.
Highly attractive to wildlife, the nuts are are eaten by squirrels, foxes, deer, northern bobwhite, ruffed grouse, turkey, woodpeckers and pheasants. The leaves, twigs, and catkins are browsed by rabbits and deer. The male catkins are a winter food for turkey and ruffed grouse. The dense, low growth habit provides cover and nesting sites for birds and other wildlife. An excellent pollen source for bees in early spring, it also hosts numerous lepidoptera/caterpillars including Polyphemus and Io moths.