Boneset Seed (Eupatorium perfoliatum) 100 Seeds
Flowers attract butterflies, native bees, pollinating flies, wasps and beetles. Moths of several caterpillars feed on the foliage. Seed are occasionally eaten by swamp sparrows.
The common name Boneset was probably due to the use of the plant in the treatment of an influenza known as “break bone fever”. The disease was said to cause pain that was as intense as the pain from a broken bone. Eupatorium perfoliatum reportedly induced sweating that broke the fever. This species is sometimes called thoroughwort because it has stems that go “through” pairs of perfoliate leaves.
From PFAF-Thoroughwort is one of the most popular domestic medicines in North America where it is used in the treatment of influenza, colds, acute bronchitis, catarrh and skin diseases. It has been shown to stimulate resistance to viral and bacterial infections, and reduces fevers by encouraging sweating. The plant, however, should be used with some caution since large doses are laxative and emetic and the plant might contain potentially liver-harming pyrrolizidine alkaloids. The leaves and flowering stems are antispasmodic, cholagogue, diaphoretic, emetic, febrifuge, laxative, purgative, stimulant, vasodilator. A hot infusion of the dried leaves and flowers is used as a very effective treatment to bring relief to symptoms of the common cold and other similar feverishness - it loosens phlegm and promotes its removal through coughing. This herb is practically unequalled in its effectiveness against colds. It is also used in the treatment of rheumatic illness, skin conditions and worms. The leaves and flowering stems are harvested in the summer before the buds open, and are dried for later use. A homeopathic remedy is made from the fresh plant, harvested when it first comes into flower. It is used in the treatment of illnesses such as flu and fever. Was used by Native Americans to treat malaria.
How to Grow:
Sow early in a cold frame or indoors and only just cover the seed. Seed may be placed in damp sand and refrigerated for 60 days to increase germination speed. Keep soil moist by covering with plastic wrap. Germination may take as long as 3 months, although we have much faster germination experience here at the farm. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out into their permanent positions in the summer. Division in spring or autumn. Very easy, the clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions.
How to Save BonesetSeed:
Late in the year, harvest the browned seed heads and finish drying in a protected, breezeless spot to prevent the small seeds from dislodging and blowing away. When completely dry, shake seed from heads and store in a cool, dry spot.