Sun, Part Shade
Great source of early spring pollen for bees
Moist, Nutrient Rich Soil
pH 6.5 (can tolerate from 5-7)
Large Shrub,Shrub Layer
plant 4-6 ft apart for hedgerow
Common hazel (Corylus avellana) is a big, deciduous shrub reaching at least 14 feet. It is found in natural stands throughout Europe and is also used widely in hedgerows. The twigs are used as dowsing rods by water diviners
The common hazel is a highly adaptable pioneer species, able to grow in both sun and part shade. I likes nutrient-rich soil. The tree is, however, extremely tolerant to different climatic conditions and is even able to withstand frost in the growing season.
Harvest nuts in about 2-3 years. You may either hand pick or lay a cloth under the tree and tap the limbs to make the nuts drop. Nets may be used to keep the squirrels away.
Trees can grow up to 20' but can be kept at 10-12' x 10-12' and should be planted no more than 15' apart for good pollination.
11-25 lbs (5-11 kg) depending on the size of the plant.