Osage orange (Maclura pomifera) Plants
pH all soils
Well drained, not soggy soil, tolerated poor fertility
12-18" as shipped
40-60 ft at maturity
Large Shrub/Medium Tree - Sub Canopy
aka:Bois d'arc, Bodark, Horse apple, Hedge apple, Bowwood, Yellowwood, Naranjo chino, Monkey Ball
When dried, the wood has the highest BTU content of any commonly available North American wood, and burns long and hot. Once cut, the stump quickly produces multiple stems of new growth.
Tough, adaptable native tree. Normally short trunk, wide spreading branches occasionally pendulous. Bright green summer leaf, yellow fall color. Large, inedible fruit resembles a green orange. Hardwood prized for bow-making and rot resistant fence posts. Good for hedgerows (stock-proof), windbreaks and reclamation. Planted at a spacing of 1 foot, in three years it makes a fence that is “horse-high, bull-strong, and hog-tight.”
1.In fall of the first year, lay the seedlings over in the trench, weaving them together. Backfill the trench, but don’t cover the entire stem of any tree.
2. The second year, the trees will sprout a mess of lateral branches that will grow straight up.
3. In the second fall, weave the new vertical stems together so you get a horizontal stem barrier about 2 feet from the ground.
4. In the third year, prune the hedge’s shoots to the final height you desire (4 to 5 feet works well for most purposes). Pruning the rapidly growing verticals several times over the summer will stimulate the lower buds and branches to produce more (and more vigorous) growth.