Permaculture and Food Forest Nursery - Howland, Maine
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Pawpaw,paw paw, Prairie Banana- Asimina triloba (Improved) from jiovi®-Seeds!

$ 7.90

The Secret Snack - Pawpaw

Pawpaw fruit tastes has a banana tropical flavor and the consistency of delicious custard.   What could be better?  So why aren't they more well known?  One reason is that the fruit doesn't hold well for shipping purposes.  The other may be since there aren't any Mammoths left in  North America, their seed dispersal isn't what it used to be.  Thomas Jefferson favored these trees so much he named a valley at Monticello after them, Lewis and Clark sustained themselves on Pawpaw fruit.  Grow some of Pawpaw trees at your own homestead.  Plants are available in the plants section of the jiovi® website. 

Cultural Advice for Pawpaw seeds from jiovi®

(Asimina Triloba)

Soil

  • Pawpaws are flexible in their soil requirements.
  • The main thing is good drainage. The soil must be well drained.
  • Soil pH should be moderately acid to neutral, in the range of 5.5 to 7.0.
  • Pawpaws are happiest in a rich, deep, loamy soil with high organic matter content.
  • In addition, they appreciate an organic mulch. In the wild, a natural mulching layer of decomposing leaves is normally present.
  • Excessively dry sites should be avoided. Moist soils are ideal

Climate

Pawpaws are native to the humid temperate climate of eastern North America.
They are hardy to at least -20 Fahrenheit (-28 Celsius).
Pawpaws grow best in USDA Hardiness Zones 5-8.
They need a minimum of 30 inches (~75 cm) of rainfall annually with the majority of that falling in spring and summer.


Site and Spacing

  • The pawpaw is a small tree that typically grows to about 20 feet high and less broad.
  • In an orchard setting, tree centers should be at least 8 feet apart. Row widths depend on the size of tractors and equipment.
  • When raising just a few trees for fruit, it is advisable to plant them close -- no further than 30 feet apart -- in order to ensure good pollination, as the flowers are insect pollinated and as the trees are self-infertile.
  • For good fruit production the trees should be grown in full sun. While it is true that pawpaws are shade tolerant, they will fruit much less in the shade.
  • Because of the large size of the leaves, windy sites are damaging and to be avoided.

Establishing Young Trees

  • The soil from the hole should be thoroughly loosened to a fine tilth. The hole should be the same depth as the root system, and 2 or 3 times the diameter of the root mass.
  • Pawpaw trees do not have fibrous roots. Their roots are fleshy, similar to magnolia. And like magnolia, pawpaws transplant better if moved in the spring. Potted or container transplants can be set out any time of year.

For the first growing season keep the trees well watered. Do not overwater, however. Drowning the tree is bad.  Keep the area completely free of weeds & all competing vegetation up to a 2-foot radius. Weed control is essential to successful establishment.
Pawpaw is almost the last tree to leaf out in spring, a trait reflecting its tropical origins. The young leaves often appear chlorotic. Don't worry. This is a temporary springtime condition.

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